Stacey Burks:
 (You must access this site to find out when quizzes/tests are to be given)






            PHIL 6, Introduction to Logic
            Recommended:  Reading Level III, English level II
            Transfer Status:  CSUC, UC
            Three hours lecture

        A study of traditional logic with both deductive and inductive reasoning, syllogisms, and fallacies.  Practical application of basic skills in orderly and accurate reasoning and communication.


            A.              Major Objectives
                     1.   The student will understand the basic differences between inductive and deductive thought patterns.

                    2.     The student will learn how to think in an orderly manner.

                     3.   The student will be able to recognize his faulty thought patterns and to correct them.

                     4.   The student will be able to “see through” fallacies in advertising, news media, and every day language.

            B.            Unit Titles

                   1.    Introduction
                                    a.            arguments vs. expositions
                                    b.            truth of premises vs. validity of inference

              d     .deduction vs. induction
              2.            Informal Fallacies
                      a.       Fallacies of relevance: appeal to force, abusive ad hominem, circumstantial ad hominem, accident, straw man, missing the point red herring, etc.
              b. Fallacies of weak induction: appeal to ignorance, hasty generalization,
                    false cause, slippery slope, weak analogy, etc

       question, begging the question, equivocation, false dichotomy, 
       suppressed evidence, etc.

              3.        Categorical Propositions

                          b. Translating and evaluating arguments in ordinary language 


                  4.        Categorical Syllogisms
                                      a.            categorical propositions
                                      b.            immediate inferences
                                      c.            logical analogies as means of proving invalidity
                                      d.            Venn diagrams
                                      e.            rules of inference

                       Other deductive arguments: modus ponens, modus tollens, hypothetical syllogisms, disjunctive syllogism, and dilemma.



            A.            Lecture


        C.  Group Work



               A.         Homework - you will be expected to put in a minimum of six hours of work outside of class.  While homework is required, I will not be collecting all of it.  Rather, I will randomly ask for homework and select 5 problems to grade.  For those who get all 5 correct, 2 pts extra credit will be added to the quiz that covers the same material. Understand that you will not pass the quizzes if you do not do the homework.

               B.   Quizzes - 9/12 - one to two may or may not be dropped when averaging final grade - to be discussed.  It is your responsibility to check web site for quiz dates as I will not be announcing them during class time.

               C.         There will be one midterm (chpts. 1 &3) and a final examination (chpts. 4 &5). Dates to be posted on web site. Details under grading.  It is your responsibility to check web site for all details pertaining to the midterms and final.  Failure to check this site for the specifics before each major test could result in your losing 10 points from your overall score.


            A Concise Introduction to Logic, Hurley, Twelfth Edition



VII.   CELL PHONES, iPods, laptops,  etc.
 Cell phones, iPods, video games, etc., must be turned off once class begins. No text messaging.   Should your phone ring during class, your phone alarm go off or you’re found to be text messaging, you will automatically lose 5 points on any quiz immediately following the infraction. Repeat infractions will result in disciplinary action as deemed appropriate by the Dean of Student Affairs. Cell phones MAY NOT be used to access the web site during class time.  Cell phones may not be used to take photos of student’s notes during class time. 

Laptops may be used for taking notes, but instructor retains the right to ask to see one’s laptop screen upon request.  Anyone using a laptop for any other purpose than accessing homework or taking notes will lose his/her laptop privileges for the remainder of the semester.  Those who chose to use laptops or tablets must sit in the front row of the class. Laptops must remain off during all quizzes and until everyone has finished taking the quiz.



         Roll will be taken every day.  If any students enter class after roll has been taken, it
         is up to the student at the end of the class to inform the instructor that he/she came
         in late.  If the student fails to do so, the student will be shown as having been
         absent for that day. Excused absences will be determined case by case.  Notes from
         physicians, lawyers, etc., will help in determining whether an absence will be considered
         excused. Quizzes, midterms, etc., will not be accepted late.  NO EXCEPTIONS. In 
         the event that you will be absent on a due-date, it is up to the student to make
         arrangements with the instructor to get the work in prior to actual due date.   In the event
         that an absence is deemed excused and the student missed a quiz or mid-term, the student
         will make up the
         work on his/her first day back after the absence.  As mentioned above, roll will be
        taken at the beginning of every class day.  If a quiz is to be given, it will be given
         immediately after roll.  Any student who is late on a quiz day will be asked to wait
         outside until everyone has finished the quiz.  Failure to be on time for a quiz results
         in a failure to take the quiz. An exception will be made in the event that the school’s
         busses are late.  It will be the only exception.   If you know you will be missing a quiz due
         to an unexcused absence (attending a wedding, taking a personal day, family reunion,
         extended weekend, etc., you may take the quiz you would otherwise miss in advance.  You
         must notify the instructor (via email) two days in advance to ensure the instructor brings the
         quiz to the tutorial center.  Understand that all absences, whether excused or otherwise, can
        affect your final grade (see participation above).


IX.         GRADING

      equal to points.  For example:  “A” = 10 points, “B” = 8 points, “C” = 5,
     "C-" = 4 points, etc.  The quizzes will count as 1/3 of your entire grade. .  See end
      of syllabus for details on how I calculate grades.  The mid-term and final will
      each equal 1/3 of your grade.  The first  midterm will cover chapters one and three,
      the final, chapters, four and five.


****   WARNING:  discussions may veer into areas that conflict with your own values/beliefs.  While the instructor takes no positions on volatile issues, we will look at them to address how well they are argued.  Weak arguments will be exposed; some may center around issues you feel strongly about.  If you feel that you cannot handle such potential exposures, this class may not be for you.

ALSO—adult language may occasionally be used.  Some topics may prove to be triggers for students so it is up to the student to discuss this with the instructor within the first two weeks of class.  Issues of race, religion, gender identity, cosmetic surgery (including implants), guns, obesity, etc., may arise and if these (or any other such topics) are triggers, it is your responsibility to let the instructor know.  The instructor cannot be held accountable for student triggers if the instructor is not forewarned.




Butte College Attendance Guidelines:
Required Syllabus Attachment Updated Spring 2014

Students are always responsible for understanding their instructors’ individual attendance policies and dropping or withdrawing themselves from courses they are no longer attending.

Faculty must include in their syllabus a clear attendance policy (or participation policy for online classes) and are required to, in a timely manner, report the last date of attendance of any student who ceases attending a course at any point in the semester. Best practice would be to report any students who have not attended class or participated in an academic activity for two or more weeks without communication.

Instructors have the option to report a last date of attendance, regardless of whether the student consents, for any student who exceeds the allowable number of absences as defined in the instructor’s syllabus or has not met participation requirements as defined in an online instructor’s syllabus (see note about online courses in point “C” above).

When students remove themselves from the course, the date the student reports the drop or withdrawal to Admissions and Records becomes the last date of attendance.

When instructors report the “last date of attendance,” the date provided by the instructor (not the date of the report) will be the last date of attendance.

The “FW – Failing Withdrawal/Stopped Attending” is issued when a student ceases attending after the 8th week or 50% point of the course, but before the final, making academic evaluation of student performance not viable.

Students will be issued a “NS – No Show,” “DR – Drop,” “W – Withdrawal,” or “FW – Failing Withdrawal/Stopped Attending” based on the last date of attendance recorded and according to the following timeframes:

(***Note: When the last date attended is submitted via grade roster, it will always result in an “FW”)

Withdrawals recorded during weeks 9-12 or 51% through 75% require a “serious and compelling reason” as stated in the catalog. These drops require an instructor signed drop card be submitted to Admissions and Records. Otherwise, disenrollment during this timeframe will result in an “FW”. Students wishing to withdrawal from all courses for serious and compelling reasons should make an appointment with a counselor.


Butte College Academic Honesty



Butte College Plagiarism/Cheating Policy:  The board recognizes that as citizens of the Butte-Glenn Community College District, students are free, individually and collectively, to express their interests. However, these privileges carry with them an obligation to respect the rights and privileges of others, as well as any obligation to abide by the rules and regulations set down by the College, its various agencies, and agents.

The Superintendent/President is authorized to suspend any student for good cause for an indefinite period of time as prescribed by code.  The Board of Trustees will be annually apprised of any student suspensions.  In order to protect student rights and insure appropriate student conduct, the Superintendent is directed to develop appropriate procedures to implement this policy.

Administrative Procedure:  Disciplinary action involving students is primarily the responsibility of the Vice President for Student Services.  Disciplining students is a means of protecting the rights and privileges of each member of the campus community, as well as protecting College property.

The procedures described herein are designed to protect students from the imposition of unfair disciplinary action.  It is the right of every student to request due process.  In order to file an appeal against disciplinary action, the individual must be currently enrolled or must have been enrolled at the time of the alleged violation.

As legally required, students are advised that the following behavior will constitute good and sufficient cause for disciplinary action to be initiated. 


Non Discrimination Policy:  Butte College complies with all Federal and State rules and regulations and does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, marital status, or disability.  Harassment of any employee or student is strictly prohibited.  Inquiries regarding compliance and/or grievance procedures may be directed to our Title IX Officer and Section 504/ADA Coordinator: Allen Renville, Vice President of Student Services, Butte Community College, 3536 Butte Campus Drive, Oroville, CA 95965.

Academic Accommodations:  If you believe that you may need an accommodation in this course because of a disability, please notify your instructor immediately and make an appointment during office hours.  Although not required, if you have a permanent or temporary disability you are encouraged to contact the Office of Disabled Student Programs and Services (DSPS) located in Quad 2 on the main campus. DSPS may be able to provide you with appropriate and reasonable accommodations, adjustments, or services to mitigate the effects of your disability in this course. An appointment with DSPS can be scheduled by calling 895-2455 [voice] or 895-2308 [TTY] or email at The DSPS office is open M-F, 8am–4pm.
Alternate Media
This publication is available in alternate media.  Students with a print disability — a visual limitation or reading difficulty that limits access to traditional print material — caused by a learning disability, blindness, disease, medication, or physical condition may request printed materials in an alternate media format, with appropriate documentation of disability. Examples of alternate media formats include: e-text (e.g., text on CD), audiotape, MP3 file, large print, tactile graphics, and Braille. Contact DSPS for alternate media requests by calling 895-2455 [voice] or 895-2308 [TTY] or email at The DSPS office is open M-F, 8am–4pm.







A     10

A-     9

B+     9

B       8

B-      7

C+     6

C       5

C-      4

D+     3

D       3

D-      2

F       1


There are 4 components that compromise your total grade:


Component 1.

Let’s say there are a total of 8 quizzes and the grades earned were:

A, B, C-, B, D-, C-, A, A

I will take the point equivalents using the above key and add the total points together.  In the example above, my total point equivalent would be:  64

Next I would divide 64 by the total number of quizzes taken—in this case, 8, which would give me a final quiz score of: 8

Component 2

Then I’d take your midterm score—say you earned a C+ for 6 points and then

Component 3

I’d take your Final grade—say you earned a B- for 7 points

Determining Course Grade

Now I add up all the component points (8 + 6 +7=21

The last step would be to take the total points (35) and divide it by 3 (the total number of components) to end up with your final score.

21 divide by 3=7

Using the key above, that would give you a “B-“  and for the course, a “B” (since Butte doesn’t use + or – for final course grades)

Please see me if you still find this too confusing!